Still the Juan: Best never to win Cy Young

Nolan Ryan, baseball’s all-time strikeout king, never won a Cy Young Award. Nor did Don Sutton, a fellow Hall of Famer and 300-game winner. Hall of Famers Bert Blyleven, Jim Bunning, Phil Niekro or Robin Roberts? Answer is no. Not even Mariano Rivera, the greatest closer in baseball history, could cop the Cy.

It’s not any of  those guys. The greatest pitcher never to win a Cy Young Award is Juan Marichal, the Dominican Dandy. He’s the Juan, the best player never to win pitching’s highest honor.

Marichal was 243-142, a .631 winning percentage and a 3.04 ERA during his Hall of Fame career, spent almost entirely with the San Francisco Giants. He won 20 games six times, and three of those were dominant performances, Cy Young type seasons almost any other year.

However Marchial had the bad luck to run up against even more superb performances by Sandy Koufax in 1963 and 1966, and then Bob Gibson in 1968.

In 1963, Juan Marichal was 25-8 with a 2.41 ERA and 248 strikeouts. One of those wins was an epic 1-0, 16-inning battle by the bay against Warren Spahn, in which both pitchers had complete games. But Sandy Koufax was even better, 25-5, 1.88 ERA and 306 strikeouts. Koufax was also the National League MVP that year.

Three years later, Marichal went 25-6, .2.23 ERA and 222 strikeouts. Again he was bested by Koufax, who in his final season was 27-9, 1.73 ERA and 317 strikeouts. From its inception in 1956 until 1967, only one Cy Young was awarded each season. Koufax won it three times – in 1963, 1965 and 1966.

In 1968, Marichal was a career high 26-9, 2.43 ERA and 218 K’s. This time he ran up against Bob Gibson and his 1.12 ERA, the lowest in baseball since Dutch Leonard’s 0.96 in 1914. No pitcher has come close to that mark since. Gibson was 22-9 that year and struck out 268 batters in winning both the Cy and MVP. Marichal was left behind at the altar once again.

Imagine that,winning 25, 25 an 26 games – and losing the Cy Young each time. Marichal failed to garner a single vote in 1963, 1966 or 1968 – Koufax twice and Gibson were unanimous winners.

Marichal also won 20 games in 1964, 1965 and 1969 – and yet did not get as much as a single first place vote in Cy Young balloting any of those years, or in any of the other years he was eligible.  Marichal’s highest finish was eighth, tied with Bill Stoneman, in 1971, when he was 18-11.

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The 10 greatest pitching duels in MLB history

Ed Walsh, left, and Addie Joss produced a pitching gem in 1908. In a true understatment, Walsh said: “Yes, I pitched a fairly good game myself, but [Joss] pitched better.”

There have been many great pitching duels throughout baseball history. In chronological order, here are the 10 best regular season mound battles of all time.

1. Oct. 2, 1908 — Cleveland Naps 1, Chicago White Sox 0
In the midst of a tight, four-team pennant race, Cleveland’s Addie Joss pitched the fourth perfect game in baseball history against Chicago spitballer Big Ed Walsh. Joss threw just 74 pitches in his masterpiece and struck out three batters, the fewest in any perfect game.

Walsh was nearly as good, hurling a four-hitter and fanning 15. Walsh was 40-15 in 1908 with a 1.42 ERA, and led the AL in wins, games, strikeouts and innings pitched in 1908. Joss was 24-11 with a 1.16 ERA.

Using a corkscrew delivery and his famed jump ball, Joss had 160 wins and 45 shutouts in his career. Joss  pitched a second no-hitter against the White Sox in 1910, and also threw seven one-hitters, including his MLB debut against the St. Louis Browns in 1902. Sadly he was just 31 when he died of meningitis in April of 1911.

Joss’ 1.89 career ERA is ranked second all-time behind Walsh (who won 195 games and finished with a 1.82 ERA), while his 0.97 WHIP is the lowest career WHIP in baseball history. Both pitchers are in the Hall of Fame.

2. Sept. 6, 1912 — Boston Red Sox 1, Washington Senators 0
Fenway Park has never been considered a pitcher’s park, but in its inaugural season it hosted one of the great mound battles in baseball history. Dubbed “The War of 1912,” the contest pitted Washington’s all-time great Walter Johnson against Joe Wood, below, a pair of right-handers enjoying two of the top individual seasons of all time.

Earlier in 1912, Johnson strung together a 16-game winning streak, the longest in American League history. When Wood shut out Washington and Johnson, he ran his winning streak to 14 games without a loss. Wood eventually tied Johnson’s record with two more wins.

While Johnson had a spectacular season, Wood closed out the year with an even more impressive mark.  He won 34 and lost only 5, one of the all-time great season records. Johnson finished 33-12 with a 1.39 ERA and 303 strikeouts; Wood had a 1.91 ERA with 258 Ks.

The AL record of 16 straight win has since been tied — by Lefty Grove of Philadelphia in 1931 and Schoolboy Rowe of Detroit in 1934 — but never broken.

3. May 2, 1917 — Cincinnati Reds 1, Chicago Cubs 0, 10 innings
Played nearly 100 years ago, this remains the only game in baseball history where neither team got a hit in the first nine innings of play.

The Reds finally broke through against Chicago’s Jim “Hippo” Vaughn, who  gave up two hits and a run in the top of the 10th. Jim Thorpe — yes the great athlete Jim Thorpe — drove in the only run of the game with an infield single.

Cincinnati’s Fred Toney completed his no-hitter when he retired the Cubs in order in the last of the 10th. Toney, a 6’6″ righthander with 137 career wins, was a two-time 20-game winner, and won 24 games in 1917.

Vaughn, another big rightie at 6’4″, finished with 23 wins that year. A five time 20-game winner, he led the National League in wins, ERA and shutouts in the war-shortened 1918 season en route to 178 career victories.

4. May 1, 1920 — Boston Braves 1, Brooklyn Robins 1, 26 innings
The longest game in baseball history didn’t have a winner, as the Braves and Robins (later the Dodgers) battled 26 innings in a 1-1 tie.

Amazingly, both pitchers, Leon Cadore of Brooklyn and Joe Oescherger of Boston, went all the way, and neither allowed a run in the last 20 innings. Cadore surrendered 15 hits, walked five and struck out seven. Oescherger gave up nine hits, walked four and struck out seven. Lord only knows how many pitches they threw that day.

Each right-hander won 15 games in 1920. But neither ever won more in a single season, and both finished with losing career marks. Cadore was 68-72 and Oescherger was 82-116.

Brooklyn lost the next day in 13 innings to Phillies, and the day after that to Braves in 19 innings — 58 innings of baseball in three days without a win. But the Robins did go on to win the National League pennant that year.

5. July 2, 1933 — New York Giants 1, St. Louis Cardinals 0
On a hot summer afternoon at the Polo Grounds in New York, Carl Hubbell, below, of the Giants and Tex Carleton of the Cardinals hooked up in one of the great duels in baseball history.

Hubbell, New York’s great left-handed screwball artist and Hall of Famer,  pitched 18 innings and didn’t allow a walk. His mound opponent Carleton was almost as good — he threw 16 scoreless innings before being relieved.

Since 1920, only eight pitchers have worked 16 or more scoreless innings in a game, but Carleton and Hubbell are the only ones to accomplish the feat in the same game. No pitcher has ever gone longer without issuing a walk than Hubbell, nor pitched more scoreless innings and lost than Carleton.

The Giants scored the only run of the game on a two-out single by Hughie Critz off Jessie Haines in the bottom of the 18th. The Giants went on to sweep the doubleheader by winning the second game, also 1-0.

Hubbell won the MVP that year with a 23-12 record and 1.66 ERA, the first of five straight 20-win seasons for King Carl, who finished his career 253-154.  Carleton was 17-11 in 1933 with a 3.38 ERA, and compiled a 100-76 career mark.

6. May 26, 1959 — Milwaukee Braves 1, Pittsburgh Pirates 0, 13 innings
Talk about a hard-luck loser. Pirates left-hander Harvey Haddix  threw 12 perfect innings — more than any other pitcher in history — and lost.

Batter after batter, Inning after inning, Haddix set down a powerful Milwaukee Braves lineup that featured Hank Aaron and Eddie Matthews. But the Pirates couldn’t score a run.

Finally, the Braves got to Haddix in the 13th. Felix Mantilla led off with a grounder to third baseman Don Hoak who threw it away for an error. After a sacrifice and an intentional pass to Aaron, Joe Adcock came to the plate. He belted a home run to right center, the first hit off Haddix.

However in the excitement, Aaron did not realize the ball had gone out. He veered off the basepath and passed Aaron, nullifying both runs. Mantilla scored to win the game, 1-0.

The unsung hero in this tableau was Lew Burdette, who threw 13 shutout innings and was the winning pitcher. He scattered 12 singles and didn’t walk a batter, and was helped by three double plays.

7. July 2, 1963 — San Francisco Giants 1, Milwaukee Braves 0, 16 innings
Hall of Famers Juan Marichal, below, of San Francisco and Warren Spahn of Milwaukee hooked up in one of the most memorable pitching duels off all time. The two future Hall of Famers battled for nearly 16 scoreless innings before Willie Mays socked a home run over the left-field fence to win the game, 1-0.

Marichal gave up eight hits and struck out 10; and Spahn allowed nine hits while striking out  two batters. Spahn walked just one man in 16 innings, an intentional pass to Mays in the 14th. Marichal gave up four walks. Each hurler threw more than 200 pitches, heresy in this modern era of pitch counts.

A crowd of 15,921 witnessed the classic at chilly Candlestick Park. At one point in extra innings, Giants manager Alvin Dark asked Marichal if he wanted to come out. Marichal looked out at Spahn on the mound and said: “I’m not leaving while that old guy is still on the mound.” Spahn was 42 at the time, enjoying his last great season.

A 13-time 20-game winner and the winningest pitcher of the 50s, Spahn holds the MLB record for most wins by a left-hander — 363.

Marichal, baseball’s winningest pitcher of the 60s, won 20 six times and finished with 243 wins. He became the first Dominican to enter the Hall of Fame. Marichal is quite arguably the best pitcher never to win a Cy Young Award.

In 1963, Juan Marichal was 25-8 with a 2.41 ERA and 248 strikeouts. Spahn was 23-7 with a 2.60 ERA, And neither pitcher won the Cy Young Award. That honor went to Los Angeles left-hander Sandy Koufax. who went 25-5 with a 1.88 ERA and struck out 306 batters.

8. Sept. 9, 1965 — Los Angeles Dodgers 1, Chicago Cubs 0
Sandy Koufax may have had the best five-year stretch in baseball history. From 1962 through 1966, Koufax won a National League MVP and  three Cy Young awards, and pitched four no-hitters.

But Koufax was never better than he was on a September night in 1965 in Los Angeles. Pitching against a Cub lineup that featured Hall of Famers Ernie Banks, Billy Williams and Ron Santo, along with five rookies. Koufax pitched a perfect game.

For Koufax, it was his fourth no-hitter in four seasons. On this night Koufax was nearly matched by lanky left-hander Bob Hendley of the Cubs, who allowed just one hit, a seventh inning bloop double by Lou Johnson.  It’s the lowest combined hit total in a single game in baseball history.

The Dodgers scored the only run of the game in the fifth inning without the benefit of a base hit. Johnson walked, was sacrificed to second, stole third and came home on a throwing error.

Dodger broadcaster Vin Scully painted the word picture as Koufax approached perfection — “There are 29,000 people in the ballpark and a million butterflies.” Koufax fanned pinch-hitter Harvey Kuenn to finish perfect.

9. Aug. 21, 1972 — Atlanta Braves 2, Philadelphia Phillies 1, 11 innings
On a sweltering August night in Philadelphia, future Hall of Famers Phil Niekro, below, and Steve Carlton battled for 11 innings before the Braves prevailed.

After retiring 19 batters in a row, Carlton put two runners on in the 11th before Mike Lum singled home the winning run and snapped Carlton’s 15-game winning streak. Each pitcher walked three batters and out 10. Carlton allowed seven hits; Niekro nine.

Carlton finished 27-10 that year for the last place Phillies, pitching 346 innings and striking out 310 batters. He was rewarded with the Cy Young Award.

Niekro wound up with 16 wins in 1972. Carlton won 329 games in his career, and Niekro 318.

10. May 28, 2000 —  Boston Red Sox 2, New York Yankees 0
One mistake by Roger Clemens made the difference in this classic pitching duel. Clemens was working on a three-hitter with 13 strikeouts when, with two outs in the ninth, Jeff Frye hit a chopper off the middle that banged off “The Rocket” for a single. Trot Nixon then hit a two-run homer into the right field bleachers at Yankee Stadium.

“He got the ball up over the plate and I got good wood on it,” said Nixon. “His ball was starting to come up. I sensed it was coming up. It was a classic battle and Roger made a mistake.”

Martinez took a three-hitter of his own into the ninth, having retired the last 10 batters. The Yankees loaded the bases with two outs, but Pedro got Tino Martinez to bounce out to end it.

It was a great pitching battle between two pitchers who combined to win 573 games and 10 Cy Young awards, including a record seven by Clemens,


Marichal and Spahn And a Classic by The Bay

Juan Marichal, left, gives Wilie Mays a playful hug after the Giants – behind Mays home run — beat Warren Spahn and the Braves, 1-0, in 16 innings on July 2, 1963.

Forty-six years ago today, July 2, 1963, Hall of Famers Juan Marichal of San Francisco and Warren Spahn of Milwaukee hooked up in one of the most memorable pitching duels off all time.The two future Hall of Famers battled for nearly 16 scoreless innings before a home run by Willie Mays over the left-field fence won the game, 1-0.

Marichal gave up eight hits and struck out 10; and Spahn allowed nine hits while striking out  two batters. Spahn walked just one man in 16 innings, an intentional pass to Mays in the 14th. Marichal gave up four walks.

Each hurler threw more than 200 pitches, heresy in this modern era of pitch counts.

Counting Marichal and Spahn, seven future Hall of Famers played in the game. Hank Aaron and Eddie Matthews played for the Braves and Mays,Willie McCovey and Orlando Cepeda for the Giants. Ironically, Mays homered against Spahn 12 years earlier at New York’s old Polo Grounds for his first major league hit.

A crowd of 15,921 witnessed the classic at chilly Candlestick Park. At one point in extra innings, Giants manager Alvin Dark asked Marichal if he wanted to come out. Marichal looked out at Spahn on the mound and said: “I’m not leaving while that old guy is still on the mound.” Spahn, right, was 42 at the time, enjoying his last great season.

Five days later Marichal matched the Cardinals’ Bob Gibson for six scoreless innings before Stan Musial finally broke his shutout streak with a two-run homer in the seventh. The Giants bullpen gave up three runs in the ninth as St. Louis won, 5-0.

Meanwhile, Spahn pitched a complete game, five-hut shutout in his next turn, beat the Houston Colt 45s, 4-0.

In 1963, Juan Marichal was 25-8 with a 2.41 ERA and 248 strikeouts. Spahn was 23-7 with a 1.88 ERA, And neither pitcher won the Cy Young Award.

That honor went to Los Angeles left-hander Sandy Koufax. who went 25-5 with a 1.88 ERA and struck out 306 batters. Until 1967 only one Cy Young Award was given; Koufax was also the National League MVP that year.


Baseball’s Lost Art

Pitchers used to finish what they started.

In 1904, Jack Chesbro started 55 games for the New York Highlanders. He finished 48 of them, winning 41 games. All are major league records.

Last year, Arizona’s Brandon Webb led the National League with 4 complete games; Roy Hallady of the Blue Jays had 7.

Cy Young threw 749 complete games in his career; the current major league career leaders are Greg Maddux with 109 and Randy Johnson with 99.

In 1968, the so-called “Year of the Pitcher,” Juan Marichal of the Giants led the majors with 30 complete games. The Tigers’ Denny McLain became the last 30-game winner, and had 28 complete games.

“Nobody trusted anybody in the bullpen,” said McLain, who wound up 31-6. “Three or four of my losses were 2-1 and 1-0.”

In 1975, Catfish Hunter started 39 games for the Yankees and finished 30 of them, the last pitcher to reach that mark in complete games.

The last hurler to record 20 complete games was the Dodgers’ Fernando Valenzuela, in 1986. Randy Johnson was the last to have double figures in 10 CGs, 12 in 1999.

Complete games have become baseball’s lost art.